THE WORKSHOP ON APEC BLUE ECONOMY MODEL PROGRAM (PHASE I)
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1.INTRODUCTION The workshop on APEC Blue Economy Model Program (phase I) was held on November 11th, 2015 in Xiamen, China, which was sponsored by the State Oceanic Administration of China (SOA) and organized by the APEC Marine Sustainable Development Center (AMSDC), Third Institute of Oceanography of SOA (TIO). 30 participants and experts from APEC economies Canada; Chile; China; Hong Kong, China; Thailand and the US attended this workshop.
A fruitful best practice sharing of the blue economy development and the discussion on the understanding of Blue Economy with the guidance of APEC OFWG common view among the participants was successfully conducted.
2.WORKSHOP SESSIONS AND MAIN POINTS OF THE PRESENTATIONS Opening session The opening session was chaired by Dr. Chen Jian, Director of the Division of Science and Technology of TIO, SOA. Dr. Chen Bin, Deputy Director General of TIO, gave a warm welcome speech and an opening remark.
Session 1 This session has five presentations. Speakers presented in depth understandings of blue economy and described blue economy models from the localized practice. Blue economy on sustainable fishing management especially artisanal fishing management in Chile was presented. A pilot scheme to develop operations in fisheries related to eco-tourism in Hong Kong, China is a possible way to promote blue economy. The experts shared the experience of contribution of technology innovation to the blue economy development -- A circulating aquaculture system demonstrated by Zhejiang Mariculture Research Institute (ZMRI) to effectively promote sustainable coastal aquaculture in China. The value added utilization of aquatic processing by-products is also an alternative of blue economy.
Session 2 This session has three presentations and emphasizes that the ocean science plays an important role in Blue Economy development. Presentations emphasize the importance of wetland restoration on CO2 and CH4 emissions (blue carbon). Restoration or conservation of the blue carbon sink has a significant economic and social benefit as a carbon credit, which is vital for social and economic development. Speakers also shared their experiences of rebuilding the connection between humans and nature (blue infrastructure) and design of recirculating eco-treatment systems for the salt marsh restoration. The understanding of blue economy and China ocean economic statistical system were also introduced in this session to promote the comparability under the consistent framework of ocean industrial classifications among the APEC economies.
Session 3 This session has four presentations. Blue Economy development should tackle the impact of climate change; the presentations given by the experts from Canada illustrated impacts of climate change on the fisheries of Northwestern coast of British Columbia in Canada. Assessment indicators of blue economy development (blue base, sustainable development, social equity and enabling conditions) were introduced to measure the blue economy development in Fujian Province. The speakers come from China and Thailand shared their experiences in the localized practice of Blue Economy Zone. Marine Protected Areas (MPA) will support and strengthen the sustainable use of coastal and marine resources on how to promote and safeguard the blue economy development by the case study of Chumporn province in Thailand. Xiamen Wuyuan Bay in China shared its stories on how to make full use of the marine and coastal resources and ecosystems in a reasonable and sustainable way to serve the coastal urbanization and coastal area development.
3. RECOMMENDATIONS a.This workshop recommends further understanding of the framework and concept of blue economy with the guidance of OFWG’s common view. The practice and assessment activities of localized blue economy development should be promoted. Blue economy should be implemented in the marine industry (Fishery, eco-tourism, utilization of marine by-products, etc.）and coastal development. The best science, technology and the context of climate change should be fully considered on the blue economy development.
b.Blue economy should incorporate three components to ensure the development of blue economy: sustainability of coastal and marine environment and ecosystem services (blue base), sustainable and inclusive growth of marine economy (blue growth), and innovative institutions and management (blue governance).
c.The three components of blue economy should be integrated together and strengthened each other to achieve sustainable development.
d.The workshop proposes to implement APEC Blue Economy Model Program (Phase II) and call for the engagement of APEC Economies to promote blue economy development.